Updated: May 15, 2019
Pores are an important part of the skin as they provide essential oil to keep skin soft and hydrated. Each hair follicle is surrounded by a small pore, which allows sweat to pass and keeps you cool. However, if they are reminding you of their existence every time you look into the mirror, then you are in some serious trouble. They can be a source of embarrassment, especially in public scenarios. Enlarged pores can make you look old and unhealthy. They can also increase other skin care problems such as acne and blackheads, particularly for people with oily skin. Pores become more prominent when they get clogged or infected with oil. They are more noticeable on the forehead, nose, and cheeks.
Causes of Large Pores
Genetics - Heredity is also the cause for enlarged pores and in many cases, people with large pores on their faces have family members with open pores. Many people inherit skin that is naturally oily and thick, which cause their pores to appear enlarged.
Aging - Skin loses elasticity as you grow older which can cause pores to dilate. The skin thickens, causing tiny cells to gather around the edge of pores and make them look larger.
Sun Exposure - Sun exposure damages the skin collagen, which shrinks the elasticity of the walls of the skin pore canals, making them sag and look bigger.
Too Much Oil Production - The excess oil produced in oily skin is combined with other dirt and sweat in the pores giving formation to clog. As a result, this clogging makes it tough for the oil to flow freely, thus making the pores enlarged.
Home Remedies for Enlarged Pores
While many factors that cause big pores are out of control like aging and genetics, but some factors that cause enlarged pores can be fought with a proper skin care regimen. If you think, you have tried everything to get rid of big pores, then it is time to follow this skin care routine to minimize large pores and get the smooth, clear skin you have always wanted.
Cleanse - Keeping a daily routine to keep your skin clean is one of the easiest and quickest ways to reduce large pores. Use a mild cleanser twice a day so that your skin doesn’t become excessively dry. Opt for a cleanser that contains a salicylic or lactic acid to reduce the clogging of pores.
Exfoliate - Exfoliate regularly to get rid of dead skin cells, which will otherwise widen pores and thicken oils that can enlarge your pores. Removing the top dull layer of dead skin cells will give you smoother, brighter and more radiant looking skin.
Brush Care - Don’t use brushes with stiff bristles as they will make your skin dry and flaky, giving you dead skin cells that can clog pores.
Remove Makeup - Make sure to remove your makeup every night before going to bed otherwise it will further block your already clogged pores and enhance your white bumps and blackheads.
Treat - Get a facewash containing vitamin C or retinol as they help boost collagen and elastin production, which will help in reducing the large pores.
Moisturizing - Moisturizing your skin is really important as the lack of moisture will yield more oil, eventually giving you clogged pores, acne breakouts, and blackheads.
Bar soap- Don’t use bar soap as the ingredients used to keep it in solid form can further aggravate your pores.
Buy Products Sensibly - Don’t use products that are too drying as they will lead to more oil production directly in the pores. Also, avoid buying products that have a creamy texture, especially if you have oily skin as such products will result in clogged pores.
Apply Sunblock - Excessive sun exposure can make your skin less supple, making your pores look bigger. So, make sure to apply a sun block with an SPF of 30 before going out and if possible, avoid being out in the sun from 10 AM to 4 PM.
Treatment for Large Pores
If you have enlarged pores, you can reduce them from the following treatments:
Laser Skin Resurfacing - Laser skin resurfacing creates micro-zones and boost collagen to give you smoother skin. It helps to reduce the size of pores as well as acne scars. You may get some redness or swelling, but it will subside within a few hours, so there is nothing to worry about. Normally, two sittings are enough to get long-lasting results.
Photodynamic Therapy - It uses a light activated solution to minimize the size of oil glands on the face. Normally, you will need 1-2 treatments to reduce pore size as well as reducing the sun damage spots.
Microdermabrasion - It is a process that gently scrubs off the dead surface layer of the skin, giving you healthier and vibrant skin. It can be performed in less than an hour and the results are instant.
IPL Photofacial - During the Intense Pulsed Light treatment, the light reaches deep into the skin and stimulate collagen production, which causes tightening of the pores, giving your skin an overall glow. IPL takes about 20 to 30 minutes and normally 3-4 sittings are enough to get rid of enlarged pores.