Updated: May 15, 2019
Loss of scalp hair is a very common complaint amongst men and women, but for many females, loss of eyebrow hair is a huge concern. Eyebrows frame the face, so hair loss in this area can change your whole appearance. It is not easy to conceal this area, which is all the more a worrisome reason for women.
What Causes Loss of Eyebrow Hair?
If you don't pluck your eyebrows, loss of them could be due to one of the below-mentioned reasons.
If you're on medication that causes hair loss along with eyebrow hair loss as a side effect, it may be one of the reasons behind your eyebrow hair loss. Drugs used in chemotherapy for cancer patients are an example of such medication.
For women genetically predisposed to hair loss, hormonal contraception and other medication which may prove disruptive to the normal hormone activity might also cause thinning eyebrows.
2. Deficiency of Nutrients
Along with a poor diet, a lack of minerals, vitamins, and protein might also lead to eyebrow hair loss.
3. Skin Conditions
Skin conditions like atopic dermatitis or eczema are indirectly responsible for hair loss. These conditions cause inflammation near the brow, causing the urge to rub and scratch the inflamed area which would cause the hair to fall out. Usually, this kind of hair loss is patchy, but since it's usually non-scarring, eyebrows can and most of the times do grow back.
Moles or skin tags, whether benign or cancerous, may also cause loss of eyebrow patches of hair if they grow in the brow area.
4. Thyroid Issues
One of the most common causes of thinning eyebrows is hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland underperforms. Eyebrows start thinning at the later stages of hypothyroidism. Not all thinning of eyebrows can be blamed for this condition, but this kind of eyebrow hair loss has a specific pattern. It is usually concentrated on the outer third or the outer edge of the eyebrow.
5. Scarring and Aging
A burn or an accident might also cause scarring or permanent loss of eyebrow hair. Age could also be a factor contributing to eyebrow hair loss.
6. Autoimmune Disorders
Eyebrow hair loss is a common symptom of autoimmune illnesses, such as:
People who have this autoimmune disorder might experience hair loss and one of the first places where this is noticed is their eyebrows.
- Alopecia Areata
In the case of this disorder, the body starts attacking hair follicles that cause hair loss in various parts of the body, including eyebrows. You could lose a section or all of your eyebrows if you have alopecia. Most of the times it is a temporary condition, but it can be permanent too.
7. Illness and Stress
Any emotional or physiological stress, such as hormonal changes, nutritional deficiencies, or chronic illnesses might cause telogen effluvium. It is a type of scalp hair loss which can be characterized by shedding of air. This may also affect the eyebrows. Trichotillomania is another psychiatric disorder responsible for eyebrow hair loss, wherein one has the urge to pull out their own hair. After repeated pulling, it can lead to permanent hair loss also.
Other reasons such as overplucking, aggressive application of eyebrow pencils and stress can also lead to loss of eyebrow hair.
Treatment for Eyebrow Hair Loss
1. Daily Vitamin Supplements
As nutritional deficiencies can also lead to hair loss, you should take vitamin supplements daily. Go for supplements containing vitamins A and E and high levels of protein. These nutrients promote hair growth, including eyebrow hair.
2. Apply a Topical Treatment
You can apply a topical treatment that contains minoxidil. To apply it on your brow area, use a cotton swab and apply it twice a day. If you notice a growth in the hair, then apply the foam once or twice in a week.
3. Eyebrow Transplant Restoration
If no over-the-counter method works for you, consider getting an eyebrow transplant with your doctor. You can get a transplant surgery if your eyebrow loss is due to some disease or medical treatment, that has been cured or treated.
4. Conceal Eyebrow Loss
If you have a mild eyebrow hair loss, then you can use makeup to hide it. Using a small eyebrow brush, brush your brows upward. Fill in your eyebrows using an eyebrow pencil and to blend it in, apply an eyebrow powder. Finish by applying an eyebrow gel to set it in place for the day.
To prevent your eyebrow hair from shedding, you should follow these tips-
- Eat a balanced diet.
- Moisturize your eyebrows with coconut oil.
- Do not over pluck your eyebrows, they could become sparser over time.
- Keep a check on hormonal changes.
- Avoid stress as much as possible.
- Stop smoking.
- Avoid using too much eyebrow makeup, and do not apply too much pressure if you have to use it.
- Clean your tweezers as plucking your eyebrows can leave your pores open to bacteria.
- Avoid using products with a drier formula as they can lead to hair loss.
There are a lot of options available nowadays, so you have nothing to worry about. Just be careful that, you need to evaluate the cause of eyebrow hair loss before you opt for anything as this will help you choose the correct solution for your problem. It will also help you identify if there is any serious issue that needs to be checked by a doctor immediately.
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